Asthma Nursing Care Plan

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Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma is clinically classified according to the frequency of symptoms, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and peak expiratory flow rate. Asthma may also be classified as atopic (extrinsic) or non-atopic (intrinsic).(wikipedia)

Asthma Nursing Care Plan

Nursing diagnosis for Asthma

  • Impaired gas exchange related to Altered oxygen supply obstruction of airways by secretions, bronchospasm, air-trapping Alveoli destruction
  • Ineffective airway clearance related to obstruction from narrowed lumen and thick mucus
  • Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to Dyspnea, sputum production Medication side effects; anorexia, nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Ineffective breathing pattern
  • Anxiety
  • Deficient knowledge (treatment regimen, self-care, and discharge needs)
  • Fear
Nursing Care Plan for Astham

Nursing Interventions for Asthma
  • Evaluate respiratory rate/depth and breath sounds.
  • Assist client to maintain a comfortable position.
  • Keep environmental free from sources of allergen such as dust, smoke, and feather pillows to a minimum according to individual situation.
  • Encourage/instruct in deep-breathing and directed coughing exercises
  • monitor skin and mucous membrane color.
  • Monitor vital signs 
  • Encourage adequate rest and limit activities to within client tolerance. 
  • Monitor and graph serial ABGs and pulse oximetry. 
  • Administer medications as indicated